Add a Datastore in vCloud Director 5.5

As you may know, vCloud Director 5.1 recognized ‘Storage Profiles’ instead of recognizing datastore or datastore clusters directly. In VCD 5.5, ‘Storage Profiles’ are changed to ‘Storage Policies’ .This change of concept and term from ‘Profiles’ to ‘Policies’ may make some issues when you want to add a Datastore and utilize it in vCloud Director 5.5. As a matter of fact, if you (like me) are used to vSphere Client instead of vSphere Web Client to do your tasks (because it seems faster!) you will fall into troubles and this is one of those scenarios.

The normal procedure to add a datastore to the infrastructure in order to provision it in vCloud Director 5.1 is:

  1. Add datastore to the VMware infrastructure in vCenter using VMware vSphere Client (or Web Client)
  2. Assign a pre-defined ‘Storage Capability’ to datastore. If you didn’t define ‘Storage Capability’ yet see link above to see how to create and enable it. This ‘Storage Capability’ is assigned to a ‘Storage Policy’ itself! I know it’s confusing! and ‘Storage Profiles’ are known in vCloud Director through connected vCenter. An important bug is mentioned here that you should assign a ‘Storage Capability’ to your datastore before adding it to a datastore cluster. Keep this in mind if you are just adding datastore to an existing ‘Storage Profile’.
  3. So, if you didn’t add ‘Storage Profile’ in vCloud Director before, you should do so now; if it’s introduced before you can right-click on your vCenter in vCloud Director (‘Manage and Monitor’) and ‘Refresh Storage Profiles’. It’s not necessary, it will be done automatically after some time.

The regular procedure and storage terms in vSphere/VCD 5.5 is different than 5.1. The point is vSphere Client 5.5 (not Web Client) is still using the old terms and if you add datastore using vSphere Client 5.5, datastore cluster will disappear in vCloud Director and Provider VDC’s will not have access to datastores! No need to say it’s not a pleasant situation! So, to utilize a new datastore in vCloud Director 5.5 follow the procedure explained here. As I said, it’s very important to use vSphere Web Client to add datastore to infrastructure. In brief:

  1. Add datastore to the VMware infrastructure in vCenter
  2. The good thing in vSphere 5.5 is that there is no ‘Storage Capability’ which is less confusing (it’s confusing because you expect to find a very complicated concept but when you use it you see that it’s nothing more than a label!) and it’s replaced by a simple word: ‘tag’. So, if you already defined a ‘Storage Policy’ with a known ‘tag’, the only thing is to ‘Assign  Tag’ to datastore by right-clicking on it. If you have upgraded infrastructure from 5.1, storage capabilities are already converted to tags.
  3. Right-click on your vCenter in vCloud Director (‘Manage and Monitor’) and ‘Refresh Storage Policies’. As you see storage profile is replaced with storage policy in VCD 5.5.

Extra Large Edge Gateway in vCloud Director 5.5

Sometimes you feel like implementing a powerful edge gateway in your VMware vCloud environment. Let’s say you have heavy load and you plan to use load balancer capability of edge gateway in VMware vCloud Director. Unfortunately hardware configuration of vShield edge gateways are not customizable through vCloud Director and changing hardware configuration through vCenter is not possible. Also, hardware templates for use as edge gateways are limited in terms of processing power and memory. There are 3 pre-defined hardware configurations in vCloud Director 5.5: Compact, Full and Full-4. Full-4 type is a new one in vCloud 5.5 and as I know Full gateways in vCloud 5 are upgraded to Full-4 automatically when you upgrade the infrastructure to version 5.5. In brief, hardware configurations for vShield edge gateways are as follows:

  • Compact: 1 * vCPU and 256 MB of Memory – 64000 concurrent sessions
  • Full: 2 * vCPU and 1024 MB of Memory – 1,000,000 concurrent sessions
  • Full-4 (new in vCloud 5.5): 4 * vCPU and 1024 MB of Memory

I didn’t find updated detailed information for vCloud 5.5 but you can see more details about edge gateway specifications and performance parameters in vCloud Director 5.1 at this useful link.
As you see, hardware power is limited especially in regards to memory. So, in case you need a memory intensive edge gateway (Load balancer is a good example) you need to upgrade the hardware. Although there is no direct method to this through vCloud Director admin panel, the fact is that vShield Manager has this capability to implement x-large gateways. x-large edge gateway in VMware Networking and Security 5.5 has 4 * vCPU and 8GB of Memory that is quite considerable.

As VMware recommended, if you need to upgrade hardware configuration of an edge gateway in vCloud Director, you can use vShield portal to do so. As it’s shown in the following picture, login to vShield Manager admin panel, choose your Datacenter, on ‘Network Virtualization’ tab select ‘Edges’, click on the edge gateway you intend to upgrade and finally from Actions menu choose: ‘Convert to X-Large’. That’s all.

Just keep in mind that in the picture above login to vShield Manager is done via vCenter. So, the ‘Network Virtualization’ tab shown in the figure is within vCenter; however it’s a bit difficult to get into vShield Manager through vCenter and I faced some weird errors about Acrobot Adobe! As a result, I recommend to use vShield Manager directly to avoid such issues.